The All You Need To Know Cyber Security Guide

What is Cyber Security?

The technique or procedure of securing technology & network infrastructure from unauthorized access, theft, or damage to their hardware, software, or data is known as cyber security. The goal is to put in place security measures to safeguard vital infrastructure and sensitive data from malicious actors.

Organizations, employees, and consumers are all vulnerable to cyberattacks. These assaults could be used to gain access to or destroy important information, or to extort money. They have the potential to devastate enterprises as well as your financial and personal lives, particularly if you are a victim of identity theft.

Confidentiality, integrity & availability / CIA triad:

he CIA Triad is a paradigm for assessing an organization’s security capabilities and risk. Organizations can establish stronger and more effective security best practices and policies by addressing security along these three fundamental components.

Threats to confidentiality

These attacks may be meant to steal personally identifiable information (PII) such as your Social Security number, as well as information about your bank account or credit card. Your info can be sold or trafficked on the dark web for someone else to buy and use as a result of these attacks.

Threats on Integrity

These attacks are known as leaks and consist of personal or organizational sabotage. A cybercriminal will gain access to and distribute sensitive material in order to expose the information and cause the public to lose faith in a person or organization.

Threats on Availability

This sort of hack is designed to prevent users from accessing their personal data unless they pay a fee or ransom. A cybercriminal will typically breach a network and prevent previously authorized individuals from accessing crucial data, demanding a ransom. Companies will occasionally pay the ransom and then address the cyber vulnerability to avoid having their operations halted.

Types Of Cyber Security Attack

A few common cybersecurity dangers that fall into both categories are listed.


Malware is software that is designed to inflict harm on purpose. Malware, which is also known as a virus, can affect you simply by opening the wrong attachment or clicking on the wrong link.


Ransomware is a sort of malicious software. The distinction is that ransomware infects a network or steals confidential data before demanding a ransom (usually in the form of a cryptocurrency) in exchange for access to your systems.


Phishing is exactly what it sounds like. Hackers cast a line in the hopes that you will bite, and if you do, they will steal sensitive information such as passwords, credit card numbers, and other personal information. Phishing attempts typically take the form of emails that appear to be real and invite you to respond.

Social Behavior Engineering

Social engineering makes use of human interaction.  Someone obtaining personal information through lying and manipulating others is an example. These people usually get their information from social media profiles and updates.

SQL Injection

A SQL injection attempts to take data from a database by performing actions on it. It involves injecting malicious scripts via SQL statements and exploiting the vulnerabilities of data-driven programmes.

Man-in-the-Middle Attack

This type of attack entails a cybercriminal intercepting numerous people’s chats or data transmissions. A cyber incident using an unprotected Wi-Fi network to steal data sent from the victim’s machine to the network is an example.

3 pillars approach to cyber security

Cybersecurity is a technology, processes, and policies that are used to defend a network, system, or programme against cyber attacks. Effective cybersecurity decreases the danger of cyber threats while also monitoring allowed user access to the network or application.

People, procedure, and technology are the three pillars of effective cybersecurity. To defend themselves against the cyber threat from both inside and outside harmful actors, enterprises must focus on these three pillars.


Having all of your employees understand their role in cybersecurity is a critical step to prevent and decrease cyber risks. To minimize and react to cyber dangers, your team must be informed of corporate policies. They must also be able to recognize suspected phishing efforts. Your employees should always be aware of the significance of only utilizing gadgets that have been approved by the organization. All employees should be informed about any new procedures for managing sensitive data.


Activities, roles, and paperwork are all part of a company’s processes. These are the measures used by the company to assure and track cybersecurity. To cope with any new cyber danger, you must constantly examine and adapt your strategies. Employee roles are assigned to particular employees to perform security responsibilities. This includes things like risk evaluations. Another crucial responsibility is the approval of new processes. It’s also critical to inform coworkers about changes.


Following the identification of the organization’s cyber dangers, the plans to address those threats are developed. To combat these dangers and mitigate the impact of cyber risk, several tactics and procedures are used. After a risk assessment, technologies are adopted to decrease the cyberattacks and its consequences.


Ever Evolving

Perhaps the most difficult aspect of cyber security is the constant advancement of technology, which provides thieves with an ever-evolving list of potential exploits. Cybercriminals are constantly coming up with new ways to carry out cyber attacks, making things even more challenging.

Huge Amount of Data

Another big cyber security concern is the amount of data which most businesses have. The more amount of  data an enterprise has, the more appealing it becomes to the attackers. Especially when the information is sensitive. This puts not only the people whose data the organization stores at danger of having their data stolen, but also puts the company at risk of litigation if that information is gained due to negligence.

Remote Workforce

It’s really no secret that the number of employees working remotely has increased dramatically. As the pandemic continues to wreak havoc on communities around the world, many businesses are opting for hybrid work methods, whether they reopen their offices or hire a remote workforce.

5G Applications in Advancement

When 5G was first introduced last year, several businesses were eager to take use of its capabilities, whether it was mobile phone carriers selling it to their clients or manufacturing trying to boost operational efficiency.

Internet of Things (IoT) Attacks

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the linking of physical items through the use of numerous sensors that interact with one another. As more data is sent across devices, gaps may appear, allowing hackers and other cybercriminals to misuse data.

Why should you engage a cybersecurity expert?

You could engage a cybersecurity expert to do the following

  1. Design comprehensive barriers against would-be intruders to protect all firm data, particularly sensitive data, systems & networks
  2. Take charge of daily monitoring for odd behaviors, protective protocols, and incident reporting.
  3. Collaborate with you to design proactive and defensive solutions that keep you ahead of cyber attackers.
  4. Maintain documentation for security principles, processes, standards, and controls.
  5. Maintain an understanding of contemporary cybercrime strategies.

Cyber Security Services for businesses always on guard

Since the beginning of this new decade, new cyber security challenges have emerged! It’s no surprise that cyber security is on the rise, and there’s a lot more to come in the near future. Companies are more technologically dependent than ever before, and this trend does not appear to be slowing down. Rather, it appears that this technology reliance will continue to evolve through time.

Esquare, your Perfect Cyber Security Expert Solutions partner.

In recent years, the business landscape has shifted considerably. Cyber-attacks have become more inescapable, diligent, and adept at destroying traditional security architecture than ever before. With an unrivaled security services portfolio, E Square system and technology pvt ltd has the knowledge, assets, and skills to develop a comprehensive cybersecurity service plan that protects your important data, cloud apps, end users, and key infrastructure. We provide comprehensive & best cyber security services across India with offices in Delhi, Bhubaneswar & Kolkata with clients across government, private & public sectors alike.

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